Visa reported first quarter revenues of $5.7bn, down 6% year-on-year. That reflects the continued decline in cross border transactions, as global travel restrictions remain in place in many countries, partially offset by higher overall transaction volumes. Earnings per share fell 3% to $1.42.
The group returned $2.5bn to shareholders through a combination of share buybacks and dividends ($1.8bn in buybacks and $700m in dividends).
The shares rose 1.3% in after-market trading.
The current crisis will change the world in many ways. One likely shift is an acceleration of the shift away from cash and cheque towards card payments. Not only has online shopping gained at the expense of traditional high street stores, but the increased infection risk associated with handling cash has spurred a shift towards card payment as shops reopen.
As the world's largest payment processor, handling payments worth $11.3trn across 140.8bn transactions in 2020, that's good news for Visa. It helps that contactless payment is a particular area of strength. Wider uptake would increase card use in small transactions, and with the contactless rollout in the US just getting started, there's still years of growth potential.
However, the group hasn't escaped the coronavirus unscathed. Far from it.
The almost complete collapse in international travel in particular has undermined lucrative cross border transactions and that looks set to continue for some time. The good news is that, despite appearances, Visa isn't a 'credit card company'. It doesn't lend consumers money or run accounts, so it's not on the hook for the money if a customer defaults. Instead, Visa charges banks for transferring funds.
Service revenues are charged to card issuers, and are calculated based on the value of the transactions. Data processing revenues depend on the number of transactions that take place, and are charged to the bank of both the customer and the receiving business. Cross border transactions come with additional fees and currency conversion revenues.
That's always been a very attractive business model. Additional transactions are virtually costless to Visa, so extra revenue turns straight into profit. Capital expenditure is limited, meaning profits convert well into cash. Of course the reverse is also true - so short-term revenue falls have a direct affect on profit although that's been mitigated by good cost control.
With net debt substantially less than last year's cash profits, surplus cash can be returned to shareholders through a combination of dividends and share buybacks. The emphasis is on the latter, meaning the prospective yield is a modest 0.7%.
The payments industry is going through a lot of change at the moment, with competition from start-ups and more established rivals. Visa's been prepared to acquire newer rivals to grow its position in key markets - however its starting running into competition concerns. A $5.3bn deal was Plaid was abandoned after regulators lodged complaints arguing the deal would reduce competition. Fortunately the group sees organic opportunities too, and that's driving expansion into new payment technologies and geographies.
We continue to see payments in general, and Visa in particular as an attractive business. However, at 33.5 times expected earnings, the shares trade at a nearly 40% premium to the longer-term average. That creates significant short-term risk if the stock were to de-rate, and means investors need to be prepared to take a long-term view.
Visa key facts
- Price/Earnings ratio: 33.5
- 10 year average Price/Earnings ratio: 24.0
- Prospective dividend yield (next 12 months): 0.7%
All ratios are sourced from Refinitiv. Please remember yields are variable and not a reliable indicator of future income. Keep in mind key figures shouldn't be looked at on their own - it's important to understand the big picture.
First Quarter Results
Visa reported a 5% rise in the value of payments using Visa cards, while the number of processed transactions rose 4%. Cross-border volumes fell 21%, or 33% outside Europe.
Visa's service revenues, which are based on payment volumes in the prior quarter, rose 5% year-on-year at $2.7bn. Data processing revenues rose 6% to $3.0bn and international transaction revenues fell 28% to $1.5bn. Incentives paid to clients were worth $1.9 billion and represent 24.6% of gross revenues.
Quarterly operating expenses fell 10% year-on-year to $1.8bn. That reflects lower general and administrative, professional fees and marketing expenses in the quarter.
Visa generated free cash flow for the quarter of $3.4bn, down from $3.7bn a year ago. The group reported net debt of $6.0bn, compared to net debt of $7.8bn a year ago.
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