Coronavirus - we're here to help
From how to access your account online, scam awareness, your wellbeing and our community we’re here to help.

Skip to main content
  • rainbow over text: 'thank you NHS'
  • Register
  • Help
  • Contact us
  • Log out of your HL account

Best and worst performing investment sectors in 2019

Technology or Targeted Absolute Return? USA or UK? Find out which areas of investment did best and worst in 2019.

Important notes

This article isn’t personal advice. If you’re not sure whether an investment is right for you please seek advice. If you choose to invest the value of your investment will rise and fall, so you could get back less than you put in.

2019 will likely be remembered by some investments going wrong. But while much of the financial press focused on funds gating, manager sackings and Brexit worries, most investments actually did rather well.

In fact, 2019 should go down as an excellent year for most investments. Every Investment Association (IA) sector made positive gains in 2019, and most saw double-digit growth. By comparison, in 2018 every sector bar one fell in value.

The tables below show the five best and worst performing sectors in 2019. Remember past performance isn’t a guide to the future. And as we’ll see in a moment, past performance can sometimes be one of the worst predictors of future returns.

All investments can fall as well as rise in value so you could get back less than you invest.

Scroll across to see the full tables

Best performing sectors 2019 % growth
Technology & Telecoms 29.4
UK Smaller Companies 26.2
North American Smaller Companies 25.7
North America 24.4
China/Greater China 22.9

Worst performing sectors 2019 % growth
Sterling Strategic Bond 8.9
UK Gilt 6.9
UK Index Linked Gilt 5.8
Global Bond 5.8
Targeted Absolute Return 4.6

Past performance is not a guide to the future. Source: Lipper IM to 31/12/2019

The Technology & Telecoms sector was the best performing sector in 2019. Much of that was down to the growth of large US tech firms, such as Apple and Microsoft. As technology companies make up a big part of the US stock markets, it should come as no surprise that the North America sector also had a strong year.

It wasn’t just American titans that did well though. North American smaller companies had an excellent year and actually came out just ahead of the broader North America sector. UK smaller companies performed strongly too, fuelled by easing Brexit worries and a stronger pound, given their higher exposure to the UK economy than larger companies.

The UK as a whole also did well and the UK All Companies sector was only just kept out of the top five by China. The China/Greater China sector was the worst performing of all IA sectors in 2018, but despite the ongoing trade spat with the US, was one of the strongest sectors in 2019. This goes to show what a poor indicator of future returns past performance can be.

At the other end of the rankings, Targeted Absolute Return delivered positive gains but was the weakest performer. Global and UK bonds also fell behind most other areas. These sectors have tended to do well when investors are cautious, but renewed investor optimism from US interest rate cuts meant that wasn’t the case in 2019. While these sectors’ gains would be viewed positively in many previous years, other sectors were much stronger.

Look before you leap

If that’s made you want to ditch your bonds and invest in US technology companies, consider this. Three of 2018’s top five performing sectors were in 2019’s bottom five. Two of the five worst performing sectors in 2018 were in the top five of 2019’s rankings – and the other three were in the top half.

Past performance really isn’t a guide to the future. The chart below shows how 2019’s highest-returning sectors did in 2018. If you’d invested 12 months ago based on 2018’s performance, it’s unlikely you would’ve had many of those sectors in your portfolio, and so their gains would have passed you by.

2019's top performing sectors vs 2018 returns

Past performance is not a guide to the future. Source: Lipper IM to 31/12/2019.

Mix it up

It’s almost impossible to know what fund, sector or region will do well from one period to the next. That’s why we think the best approach is a diversified one. Rather than try to guess what will top the charts over every short-term period, investing for the long-term across lots of different areas means you take out the guess work.

A truly diversified portfolio means at any particular time you could have some investments doing well and others not so. But we think that’s better than having a narrowly focused portfolio that may or may not be working, or trying to chase the chart-toppers but being one step behind the best returns.

The Wealth 50 is a list of our favourite funds across all the major sectors. They cover a range of investment styles so not all of them will do well at the same time. But that means you can build a truly diverse portfolio of your own to potentially prosper come rain or shine.

This article is not personal advice. If you are at all unsure of the suitability of an investment, please seek advice.

Editor’s choice: our weekly email

Sign up to receive the week’s top investment stories from Hargreaves Lansdown

Please correct the following errors before you continue:

    Existing client? Please log in to your account to automatically fill in the details below.

    Loading

    Your postcode ends:

    Not your postcode? Enter your full address.

    Loading

    Hargreaves Lansdown PLC group companies will usually send you further information by post and/or email about our products and services. If you would prefer not to receive this, please do let us know. We will not sell or trade your personal data.

    Important notes

    This article isn’t personal advice. If you’re not sure whether an investment is right for you please seek advice. If you choose to invest the value of your investment will rise and fall, so you could get back less than you put in.

    Editor's choice – our weekly email

    Sign up to receive the week's top investment stories from Hargreaves Lansdown. Including:

    • Latest comment on economies and markets
    • Expert investment research
    • Financial planning tips
    Sign up

    Related articles

    Category: Markets

    Stock Market drops – lessons from history

    While the causes have been different, we've seen markets move like this before. We take a look at what's happened in the past.

    Emilie Stevens, Equity Analyst

    01 Jun 2020 6 min read

    Category: Funds

    Is it time to consider ESG investing?

    Investment Analyst, Dominic Rowles, looks at the evidence behind environmental, social and governance (ESG) investing, and gives some practical tips on how you could add ESG into your investments.

    Dominic Rowles

    01 Jun 2020 10 min read

    Category: Markets

    Is this stock market crash different?

    We look for objective facts we can learn from past market falls.

    Nadeem Umar

    01 Jun 2020 5 min read

    Category: Investing and saving

    5 tips to navigate market storms

    We give you our top five investment tips to help you steer through this market storm.

    Nadeem Umar

    01 Jun 2020 5 min read