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Time to have ‘The Talk’ with your children?

Not the birds and the bees, but what happens to your money when you’re gone.

Important - The information shown is not personal advice, if you are unsure of the suitability of an investment for your circumstances please contact us for personal advice. Tax rules can change and benefits depend on personal circumstances.

Bruce Pearce
Head of Advisory Services

Inheritance Tax - the facts

Introduced in 1894, death duty- or inheritance tax- was only intended for the super-rich. But it will affect more and more of us in the future.

Under normal circumstances IHT is paid at 40% on the value of your estate (your property, money and possessions) over £325,000* (the normal nil rate band). There is also an additional allowance if you pass on your family home to direct descendants. It is currently set at £175,000. For any joint assets, just include the value of your share.

Since 2009/10 tax year, IHT receipts have steadily increased year-on-year reaching almost £5.4 billion in the 2018/19 tax year, its highest ever.

The amount of IHT paid by loved ones each year

Scroll across to see the full chart.

Source HMRC

Time to have the talk with your children?

Want to know more about the current rules?


Bruce Pearce
Head of Advisory Services

Time to have ‘The Talk’ with your children?

Not the birds and the bees, but what happens to your money when you’re gone.

We’re often a bit squeamish about talking about our finances, even with those who’ll be most affected by it. But, at some point, we all have to have the money talk.

Losing a loved one is difficult enough. Do you want to leave the people you love most to try to unravel your finances and wishes?

Getting your family involved early lets them know what to expect when the time comes. You don’t need to disclose every last detail – it can be as simple as reassuring them that you have the basics of estate planning in place. That you have enough money to live on, a valid will, an appointed power of attorney and a list of assets recorded somewhere.

It’s also a chance to address any awkwardness, like your choice of executor, who is in charge of distributing assets or why you’ve decided to leave money in trusts rather than gift outright.

Not ready to have the talk yet?

Don’t worry, most of us aren’t as the rules can prove complicated.

But with nearly £5.4bn paid in 2018/19 in inheritance tax, planning now could save your loved ones thousands.

The first step is to work out whether you’ll actually be affected by IHT. Our online calculator can get you started.

Try the calculator

More about the basics of estate planning

IHT guide

Bruce Pearce
Head of Advisory Services

Get the basics in place

Before you start looking at reducing your potential IHT bill, you need to have some basics in place. These include prioritising your own financial security, writing a valid will and selecting your attorney.

You can then consider ways to reduce IHT – one of the most well-known ways to do so is through gifting.


Gifting can be a great way to give children or grandchildren a great start to life as well as reduce the taxable value of your estate.

Before making a gift you should consider when and how you want a loved one to benefit. In most cases recipients can enjoy the benefits immediately, however there are ways to make a gift yet delay when the money is available such as gifts to a trust.

  1. Annual exemptions – in each tax year, you can make a gift up to the annual exemption of £3,000. On top of this, any unused exemption from the previous tax year can also be used, so up to £12,000 per couple can be gifted in this way.
  2. Gifts from income – you can make regular gifts out of income completely IHT free. These gifts must be from your post-tax income; habitual; and leave you with sufficient income to maintain your standard of living.

  3. Marriage gifts – parents and grandparents can make one-off gifts on the marriage of children or grandchildren (up to £5,000 and £2,500 respectively). If you aren’t a parent or grandparent, you can still use this exemption to gift up to £1,000.
  4. Small gifts – in each tax year you can gift up to £250 to any number of people completely free of IHT, as long as they haven’t received a gift which uses another exemption.
  5. Donations to charities or political parties – gifts to these types of organisation, either during your lifetime or via your Will, are exempt from inheritance tax.

Keeping a record of the gifts made and, importantly, the exemption you are claiming, will help your executors to administer your estate. Download your gift record

But there are plenty of lesser-known ways like using trusts and pensions.

There’s a lot to think about with estate planning. More information and helpful tips can be found in our guide.

The sooner you act the better

Will you be affected by IHT?

Try our calculator

Bruce Pearce
Head of Advisory Services

What can you do now

The sooner you act the better.

IHT can be a complicated area, so it’s one of those times in life when it’s worth considering getting financial advice. A financial adviser can check you’re up-to-date and are making the most of your personal allowances.

We can help you with more than an award-winning investment platform and investment ideas. We’ve got the experts who can look at your financial plan as a whole to make sure you’re doing the right thing with your money.

This article isn’t personal advice. For tax calculations or technical queries please refer to a tax specialist.

Don’t leave it until it’s too late

If you’re planning to pass on as much of your wealth as possible to your family, don’t put it off – get planning as soon as it makes sense for you.

Book your call back and we’ll first help you understand if you could be affected by IHT. And what you could do to reduce the impact. We won’t waste your time, or your money.

We’ll only recommend you meet a specialist financial adviser if it’s right for you. But we’re just as likely to simply reassure you or refer you to a solicitor or tax adviser if that’s better for you.

If it looks like we can help, we’ll book your free initial consultation with a specialist. There’s no pressure to take advice, but if you choose to there’ll be a charge, which we’ll discuss with you. No personal advice will be given during the initial consultation.

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